pig parts anatomy

Question Answer
urethra carries urine from bladder out of body
anus detect rectal contents; control expulsion of feces
sternum protects the heart, lungs, and blood vessels from damage
hard palate help facilitate the movement of food backwards, a barrier between mouth and nose
soft palate closes off nasal passage/ airway when swallowing
esophagus passageway for foods and liquids from pharynx to stomach
epiglottis seals off windpipe when eating
masseter muscle moves jaw for chewing
lymphnode filtration of lymph, filters blood
thyroid gland produce, store, and release hormones into the blood
thymus gland trains and develops T cells
stomach physically churns food, releases acids and enzymes to chemically break down food
small intestines digestion, absorption of nutrients and minerals
duodenum chemically digests chyme
jujenum absorbs nutrients
ileum absorbs B12 and bile salts
cecum absorbs fluids and salts, mix contents with mucus
mesentary attaches organs to body wall
large intestines absorbs water, transmit useless waste material from the body
rectum absorbs electrolytes, thickens stool by absorbing water and mixing w mucus
liver regulates nutrients in blood, stores fat, manufactures bile
gall bladder stores bile
cystic duct connects gall bladder to common hepatic duct
pancreas produce enzymes, release hormones into the blood
spleen stores white blood cells and platelets, recycles red blood cells, fights bacteria
heart pumps blood to all parts of the body
right and left atrium pumps deoxygenated blood
right and left ventricles pumps oxygenated blood to the body
coronary artery supplies blood to the heart muscle
aorta largest artery in the body; supplies blood everywhere
diaphragm separates thoracic cavity from abdominal, contracts so air can be drawn into the lungs
lung oxygenates blood, brings oxygen into the body
trachea connects larynx to bronchi, provides air flow to and from lungs
larynx houses vocal chords
bronchi extensions of trachea that shuttle air to and from the lungs
kidney extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine
adrenal glands produce hormones that help the body control blood sugar, burn protein and fat, react to stressors, and regulate blood pressure
ureter carries urine from kidney to urinary bladder
bladder stores urine
testes produce sperm and testosterone
vas deferenes transport sperm into urethra
ovaries produce eggs, produce oestrogen
fallopian tube transport sperm towards egg, allow passage of the fertilized egg back to uterus
uterus nurturing the fertilized ovum
submandibular gland produces saliva
umbilical cord connects a fetus to the mother's placenta, the vein carries oxygenated blood and nutrients from the placenta to the fetus
anterior towards the head/ front of the body
posterior towards the back of the body
dorsal relating to the upper side or back of an animal
ventral relating to the underside of an animal or plant
medial toward the midline or middle of the body
lateral toward the outside of the body
proximal close to a point of reference
distal farther from a point of referece
taste buds allow you to experience tastes
pharynx (throat) swallowing, and it serves as a pathway for the movement of food from the mouth to the esophagus.
renal vessels a blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood to your kidneys