ABA 1

Question Answer
6 characteristics of behavior 1. Involves action
2. Measure via frequency/duration/intensity
3. Can be observed/described/recorded
4. Have an impact on the environment
5. It is lawful; systematically influced by environment
6. Can be overt or covert
6 characteristics of behavior modification 1. Focus on behavior
2. Procedure based on behavioral principles
3. Emphasis on current environmental events
4. Precise description of procedure
5. Treatment implemented by people in everyday life
6. Measurement of behavior change
3 misconceptions about ABA / behavior modification 1. Relies on punishment
2.Leads to people controlling eachother
3. Dehumanizes people
Thorndike Law of Effect
3 purposes of behavioral assessment / baseline data 1. Determine if treatment is necessary
2. Information to choose treatment
3. Determine if the treatment was responsible for the change
4 recording methods 1. Continuous
2. Interval
3. Time sample
4. Product
(4) Dimensions of continuous measurement 1. Frequency
2. Intensity
3. Duration
4. Latency
3 Features of a good target behavior definition 1. Action verbs
2. Objective
3. Unambiguous

Reactivity Recording a behavior influence the behavior
Why is interobserver reliability/agreement important? 2+ people independently observe the same behavior and agree that the behavior is occurring.
What 2 variables are illustrated in a behavior modification graph? Which is on the X and Y axis? Y (Ordinate) = Behavior
X (Abscissa) = Time
Why aren't data points connected across phase change lines? To distinguish different phases more easily
Single-subject design 1 treatment. IE Multiple baselines / A-B-A-B
5 factors that influence effectiveness of a reinforcer 1. Immediacy
2. Consistency
3. Motivating Operations
4. Individual Differences
5. Intensity
(1) Controlled behaviors vs (2) Controlling behaviors 1. Target behavior controlled by self-management project
2. The process of controlling behavior via self-management
(6) Typical components of a self-management package 1. Goal-Setting/Self-Monitoring
2. Antecedent Manipulation
3. Behavioral Contracting
4. Arranging Reinforcers/Punishers
5. Social Support
6. Self Instruction/Praise
3 antecedent procedures that could be used to increase a behavior 1. Presenting/eliminating SD of target behavior.
2. Establishing/Abolishing Operations
3. Decrease/increase response effort
Behavioral definition of extinction Eliminating consequences of a behavior
3 things that happen during extinction bursts 1. Novel Behavior
2. Behavior increases
3. Emotional/aggressive responses
5 problems associated with punishment 1. Aggressive/emotional side effects
2. Escape/avoidance behaviors
3. Negative reinforcement to punisher
4. Punishment teaches modelers to punish
5. Ethical issues