Question Answer
a schedule of reinforcement requiring a varying number of responses for reinforcement variable ratio
an alteration in the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus, object or event as the result of a motivating operation value-altering affect
The stimulus component of an unconditioned reflex; a stimulus change that elicits respondent behavior without prior learning unconditioned stimlus
a stimulus change that increases the frequency of any behavior that immediately precedes it irrespective of the organism's learning history with the stimulus unconditioned reinforcer
The contingent withdrawel of the opportunity to earn positive reinforcement or the loss of access to positive reinforcers for a specified time time-out from positive reinforcement
The basic unit of analysis in the analysis of operant behavior; includes the relations between the antecedent stimulus, behavior, and consequence three term contingency
The conventional procedure requires one behavior and two antecedent stimulus conditions. Responses are reinforced in the presence of the Sd but not in the presence of the S-delta. stimulus discrimination training
Using differential reinforcement to produce a series of gradually changing response classes; each response class is a successive approximation toward a terminal behavior shaping
changing a contingency of reinforcement by gradually increasing the response ratio or the extent of the time interval; it results in a lower rate of reinforcement per response, time, or both. schedule thinning
A rule specifying the environmental arrangements and response requirements for reinforcement; a description of a contingency of reinforcement. schedule of reinforcement
A stimulus in the presence of which a given behavior has not produced reinforcement in the past s-delta
The contingent loss of reinforcers producing a decrease of the frequency of behavior response cost
A group of responses of varying topography, all of which produce the same effect on the environment response class
A procedure in which the therapist physically intervenes as soon as the learner begins to emit a problem behavior to prevent completion of the target behavior. response blocking
The response component of a reflex; behavior that is elicited, or induced, by an antecedent stimlus. response behavior
A behavioral effect associated with abrupt increases in ratio requirements when moving from denser to thinner reinforcement schedules ratio strain
The absense of responding for a period of time following reinforcement post reinforcement pause