Chapter 3 – Cooper ABA

Question Answer
Behavioral Assessment __________ involves a variety of methods including direct observations, interviews, checklists, and tests to identify and define target behaviors
Target Behavior The specific behavior selected for change
Behavior Checklist __________ provides description of specific behaviors and conditions under which each behavior should occur
Anecdotal Observation or ABC Recording __________ yields an overall description of a client’s behavior patters. Observer records antecedents, behavior, and consequences
Ecological Assessment recognizes the complex interrelationships between environment (e.g., physiological conditions, physical aspects of environment, interactions with others, home environment, and past reinforcement history) and behavior
Reactivity the effects of an assessment process on the behavior being assessed. Most likely occurs when the observation is obtrusive
Habilitation the degree to which a person’s repertoire maximizes short and long term reinforcers for that individual and for others, and minimizes short and long term punishers
Relevance of Behavior Rule A target behavior should only be selected when it can be determined that the behavior is likely to produce reinforcement in the person’s natural environment after the behavior change program is terminated
Behavioral Cusp it exposes the individual’s repertoire to new environments, new reinforcers and punishers, new contingencies, and new responses
Pivotal Behavior A behavior that once learned produces corresponding modifications to co-variations in other adaptive untrained behaviors (e.g., self-initiating)
Normalization __________ refers to the use of progressively more typical environments, expectations, and procedures “ to establish or maintain personal behaviors which are as culturally normal as possible
Function-Based Definition A __________ designates responses as members of the targeted response class solely by their common effect on the environment
Topography-Based Definition A __________ identifies instances of the target behavior by the shape or form of the behavior