WORLD STUDIES TEST

Question Answer
Knossos Palace on the island Crete – associated with the myth: Theseus and the Minotaur
Iliad & Odyssey Epic poems (very long) – associated with Trojan War Myth
Homer A blind man who traveled around the country telling the myths.
Athens A polis in Ancient Greece named after Athena because she gifted them with the tree of wisdom.
Parthenon A temple to Athena in Athens
Democracy A form of government, means ruled by the people – Greeks are credited for coming up with the idea
Amphitheater Athens made the 1st one, shaped like a C, makes it so everyone can hear better
Banishment Exile, forced to leave, a form of punishment for something
Tunic What they wore in Ancient Greece
Gymnasium Where they could play sports, train, and exercise. Only men could go inside them.
Trireme A boat the Greeks invented with 3 layers of rowers. It made it so it was very fast.
Citizen In inhabitant of a specific town or city
Sparta A city- state in Greece that had conflicts with Athens
Marathon & Pheidippides As the myth goes: ran 26 miles to tell the king information in a battle
Phalanx A military technique invented by Sparta
Thermopylae 300 of the best Greek soldiers held off the Persians long enough to let the rest of the army escape. All 300 soldiers died.
Hoplites Foot Soldiers
Xerxes Son of King Darius who ruled the Persian Empire
Navy Soldiers who fight in ships on the water – Ancient Greece came up with the idea of a navy
Socrates A philosopher/ focused questioner. He annoyed Athens so they sentenced him to death, but he killed himself before they could.
Plato A philosopher
Euclid Math expert, came up with geometry
Thucydides Came up with writing so people could learn about the Greeks.
Delian League A league Athens created so that the city-states could come together to trade with each other, help each other, help each other in battle, and not fight each other.
Peloponnesian League The league Sparta created because they wanted nothing to do with Athens. That led to the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League fighting each other.
Alexander the Great Alexander the Great is known for spreading Greek culture through-out Asia. He also led the takeover of the city states when Macedon moves in.
Minoans Thought highly of women, were isolated, centered around gods, large fleet for trade, lots of volcanoes around them, human sacrifice, hieroglyphs, no fortifications, labyrinth & Knossos, King Minos & the Minotaur, influenced by Egyptian and Mesopotamia
Mycenaeans Greeks from the mainland, vigorous, active people who engaged in trade and some piracy, divided into different city states, much more war like than the Minoans, upper classes = very wealthy, Trojan war took place at the hands of them, 1st to speak Greek
How did physical features impact development? Greece was hilly, mountainous, and by the sea. It had natural harbors, poor soil, few natural resources, and small isolated communities. This made them have to adapt the way they farmed, created roads, ands more.
How do physics features impact development continued It also forced them to trade with other countries, and because of the geography there were hundreds of city states which caused lots of wars. They also became experts in sailing, and ship builders.
Athens Only educated boys, taught girls a??life skillsa??, girls were supposed to be pretty, quiet, and not share their opinions, women had to have permission by a male to leave the household, women = barely any say in who they marry, women couldna??t vote
Athens continued Were very interested in how things looked, wanted it to fee roomy, comfortable, it was a city for show
Sparta Everyone trained for military, boy + girls trained, strong women = strong babies, when men went off to fight, women defended the city, women were equal to men, women and men didna??t live together: women in houses, men in military style barracks
Sparta continued Simplistic, didna??t believe in having walls around the city, didna??t believe in a navy, if you werena??t tough enough to get through military school you were eliminated from the city, believed women should be just as educated, city for function
Persian war Ionia was tired of following Persiaa??s rules (King Darius) so Athens helps them, they get into many battles
Peloponnesian war The wars between the Delian League and and Peloponnesian League led to them not being prepared for invaders so Philip of Macedon moves in and takes over city states