Red 7 Colonies Staib Red 7 Colonies Staib Review 2017

Question Answer
Which colony was the first successful English colony? Jamestown
What year was Jamestown settled? 1607
Who were the Pilgrims? A religious group who wanted to leave England.
What religion did the Pilgrims begin? Separatist because they wanted to separate from the Church of England
What colony did the Pilgrims set up? Plymouth, Massachusetts
What section of the colonies was Plymouth, Massachusetts in? New England
What colony did the Puritans set up? Massachusetts Bay Colony, Boston, Massachusetts
What did the Puritans want to do? Purify or simplify the Church of England
What was the Church of England also known as? aka The Anglican Church
What would happen to you if you didn't want to belong to the Church of England? You would be persecuted.
What does the word persecute mean? to punish
Did the Puritans allow others to practice any religion? No, only Puritans were allowed in Massachusetts Bay Colony
Back to Jamestown: Why did many settlers die the first winter? Starvation, disease, and Indian attacks
How did Jamestown ultimately survive as a colony? learned how to grow tobacco
What type of crop is tobacco considered? A cash crop
What Indian tribe lived near the Jamestown settlement? The Powhatan tribe
What Indian tribe lived near the Plymouth settlement? The Wampanoag
What type of government did Jamestown set up? A representative government
What was the name of the government in Jamestown? The House of Burgesses
What type of government did the colony of Plymouth set up? A representative government
What was the name of the government set up in Plymouth? The Mayflower Compact
What was the purpose of the Mayflower Compact? To set up a way to make laws/ decisions for the "good of the colony"
Why did people leave England to settle in Jamestown? to make money $$$$$$
Where was Jamestown located? in a warm area with fertile soil
Who were the first to arrive in Jamestown? all men
What is the name of the governing body in England? Parliament
What cash crop helped Jamestown become successful? tobacco
How were you treated in England if you did not belong to the official church or Church of England? You were persecuted.
What might happen to you if you did not belong to the Anglican Church in England in the 1600's? Persecuted, punished, thrown in jail
Who helped the Pilgrims survive by teaching them how to plant seeds and catch fish? Squanto
Who settled Plymouth colony? The Pilgrims
Who was on the Mayflower? Men, women, and children leaving England for religious freedom – the Pilgrims who separated from the Church of England
Why was tobacco such a money making crop? It was popular and in demand throughout Europe. It became a fad/ trend to smoke.
Why was tobacco such a fad in Europe? It was introduced during the Columbian Exchange and new to the"Old World."
Which colony was originally a Dutch colony ruled by Peter Stuyvesant? New York
Which colony was founded by Roger Williams? Rhode Island
Why did Roger Williams start the colony of Rhode Island? He was not happy with the way the Puritans were running Massachusetts Bay Colony.
What did Roger Williams believe in? Freedom of religion and separation of church (religion) and government (state)
What did the Puritans believe about religion? One should be a Puritan in order to take part in governing (voting, making any decisions/ laws) the colony.
How did many white settlers gain Indian lands? moved onto Native American lands without permission or payment
In 1675, what Wampanoag leader waged war against the New England colonies? Metacomet (also known as Metacom) (p. 68)
What was he known to settlers as (his English name, sometimes used insultingly)? King Philip (p. 68)
As a result of these wars between the Indians and colonists, what happened? colonists in New England defeated Metacom and destroyed the power of the Native Americans in New England (1675)
How did the defeat of the Native Americans affect colonial settlements? Colonial settlement expanded/ grew. More settlers came from England.
Where the Quakers come from? England
Why did the Quakers leave England? They were being persecuted for not following the King's religion, Anglican/ Church of England.
What did the Quakers believe that truly angered the authority in England? Quakers believed that all people were equal in God's sight = poor, nobles, Kings, Queens – all alike
Where did the Quakers settle? Pennsylvania
What section of colonies is Pennsylvania in? Middle Colonies
William Penn started the colony of Pennsylvania. He saw the colony as something important for others. What type of experiment did he call Pennsylvania? A "holy experiment" where all would be accepted/ tolerated.
Was Pennsylvania a religiously tolerant colony? Yes
Was Rhode Island a religiously tolerant colony? Yes
Was Connecticut a religiously tolerant colony? Yes
Was Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston) a religiously tolerant colony? No
Why might you consider the Puritans hypocrites or hypocritical? The Puritans left England for religious freedom but did not offer it to others in their colony.
What is a hypocrite? One who says one thing and does the opposite. (page 67) The Puritans had no tolerance for others.
Many came to the colonies and agreed to work without pay for a certain length of time to pay for their passage (trip on the ship). What were these people called? Indentured servants. (page 73)
It took about 150 years for the British (English) to fully occupy what coast of North America with colonies? Atlantic coast or East coast
What was one major difference between the New England colonies and many of the other colonies? Most people settled in New England for religious reasons – most left England for the New England colonies for religious freedom
How did many in the southern colonies make money (what was the economy based on?) planting, farming, plantation farming
Who was John Winthrop? Massachusetts Bay Colony (Boston) governor
What did John Winthrop believe? That only adult male church members (Puritans) should be allowed to vote for the leaders who made laws for the government.
What was another requirement for voting in Massachusetts Bay Colony? (page 66) Property ownership