Month: January 2018

Unit 1 Antonyms Unit 1 Antnonyms

Question Answer
good vicious
kind vicious
kindly vicious
mild vicious
harmless vicious
war truce
warfare truce
fighting truce
important trivial
weighty trivial
momentous trivial
gush trickle
pour trickle
flood trickle
deluge trickle
cheerful sullen
blithe sullen
sociable sullen
vivacious sullen
brief interminable
short interminable
fleeting interminable
barge in insinuate
broadcast insinuate
crawl hurtle
creep hurtle
lively humdrum
thrilling humdrum
exciting humdrum
exhilarating humdrum
wither germinate
die germinate
stagnate germinate
shrivel up germinate
organize disrupt
arrange disrupt
lively humdrum
thrilling humdrum
exciting humdrum
exhilarating humdrum
wither germinate
die germinate
stagnate germinate
shrivel up germinate
organize disrupt
arrange disrupt
fertile barren
productive barren
fruitful barren
mount alight
ascend alight
board alight
take off alight
faraway adjacent
distant adjacent
remote adjacent

Latin 5 L5

Term Definition
frag, fract, frang, fring to break
fleet, flex to bend
di, dis, dif apart, different direction, not, very
cur, curr, curs, corr, cours to run
fid faith, trust
plict, pleet, plex, pli, ple, ply to fold, twist, weave
fin border, limit, end
flu, fluct, flux to flow
vict, vinc to conquer
fort, fore strong
mob, mov to move
retro backwards
frag, fract, frang, fring to break
fleet, flex to bend
di, dis, dif apart, different direction, not, very
cur, curr, curs, corr, cours to run
fid faith, trust
plict, pleet, plex, pli, ple, ply to fold, twist, weave
fin border, limit, end
flu, fluct, flux to flow
vict, vinc to conquer
fort, fore strong
mob, mov to move
retro backwards

ABA Terms

Term Definition
ASD Autism Spectrum Disorder-marked deficits in communication, social ability, and appropriate behavior across all environments beginning in early childhood
Asperger’s Syndrome Autism Spectrum Disorder Level 1 Severity
PDD-NOS old terminology (from DSM IV) Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified
Behavior anything a person does that can be observed
Function what purpose (or function) a behavior serves: get attention, get access to something, etc.
FBA Functional Behavior Assessment – a method of gathering evidence to discover which function a behavior is serving
Maintaining consequence another term for the function of a behavior
Maintaining variable another term for the function of a behavior
ABA Applied Behavior Analysis – evidence-based practice for making meaningful changes to people’s behavior through manipulating the environmental factors that affect that behavior
BCBA Board Certified Behavior Analyst
Reinforce the act of providing a reinforcer contingently following a behavior, which will increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future
Reinforcer the item delivered contingently upon a behavior, which has been shown to increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future
Reward something that the person might like is delivered following a behavior
Positive reinforcer something is provided following a behavior that will increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future
Negative reinforcer something is removed following a behavior that will increase the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future
Punishment the act of providing a stimulus contingently following a behavior, which will decrease the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future.
Punisher (positive [something added] or negative [something removed]) – the stimulus used for punishment
Reinforcer assessment a structured method of gathering data about which items or activities are most highly-preferred so that they may be tested as reinforcers
Discrete trial a method for teaching a skill; has a defined beginning and a defined end; trials are repeated, drill-style, in blocks of 9 or 10
Prompt cues from teacher to indicate to the student what to do
Errorless learning using heavy, intrusive prompting when beginning to teach a skill so that no errors are made; avoids an error pattern from forming
Prompt delay a way to teach errorlessly; begin with immediate prompt for a # of trials, then move to a 1-sec delay for a # of trials, then a 2-sec delay, etc
Least –to-most a method of prompting where the student is allowed to try a task independently, then the teacher steps in with as little prompting as possible if help in needed
Graduated Guidance an errorless way to prompt a student to learn a new task where full physical guidance is used at first, and prompting is slowly faded as independence is gained.
Most-to-least another term for Graduated Guidance
Shaping reinforcing successive approximations of a target behavior until the target is achieved
ABC Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence
Antecedent Controls methods for manipulating the environmental conditions prior to the onset of a behavior, thereby changing the effectiveness of the maintaining consequence (weakening or strengthening its reinforcing effects)
Motivating Operation- MO another term for Antecedent Control
Establishing Operation-EO an antecedent control that works to increase the likelihood that a reinforcer will be effective (make sure the student is hungry if your reinforcer is chips)
Abolishing Operation- AO an antecedent control that works to decrease the likelihood that a reinforcer will be effective (If a child screams for a toy whenever they are in the car, give them that toy PRIOR to getting in the car)
Presession the period of time taken prior to “showtime” in order to deliver the Antecedent Control
Differential Reinforcement the act of proving reinforcement for some predetermined behaviors, while extinguishing others
Extinguish withhold the maintaining variable following a target behavior to weaken and eradicate the behavior over time
Extinction burst a spike in the strength and rate of a target behavior following the start of an extinction treatment
DRO – Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior a target behavior is put on extinction, while all other behaviors are reinforced
DRI – Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior a target behavior is put on extinction, while all other incompatible behaviors are reinforced
DRA – Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior a target behavior is put on extinction, while an alternative target behavior is reinforced
Time Sampling choosing a brief period of time during which data are collected on a target behavior instead of trying to record it all day


Question Answer
Who are the 4 stakeholder groups that businesses are responsible to? Society, Investors, Employees, Customers
What are some of the responsibilities businesses have to the general public? Businesses are expected to help out in the community and treat customers well.
What are some of the responsibilities businesses have to customers? To treat customers well and make sure they find what they are looking for
What are some of the responsibilities businesses have to their investors/financial community? To tell their investors how they are really doing and not lying by saying they're still doing we'll even if they're not
What are the steps to think about in making an ethical decision? Stop and think, Clarify goals, Determine facts, Develop options, Consider consequences, Choose, monitor and identify.
Why is it important for businesses to be socially responsible? So customers know it's a business willing to help them out.
Explain an ethical situation a business might face and provide some possible alternatives. A manager highers a friend instead of someone who is in need of a job and money. An alternative is that the manager could have hired the one in need and helped his friend find another job.
Define ethics and business ethics. moral principles by which people conduct themselves personally. Business Ethics- rules based on moral principles about how business employees ought to conduct themselves.
Describe why ethical behavior is good behavior for business. Ethical behavior is good for a business because if people know it is friendlier, then more people will want to work there.
Using the ethical decision-making process, list the steps for dealing with an ethical dilemma Determine if it is a dilemma, identify the key values and principles involved, identify which key values and principles are relevant to the dilemma, develop an action plan, implement your plan, and reflect on the outcome of this process.
Define what is meant by the social responsibility of business. For a business to make sure that they are treating their employees ethically.
Give an example of an unethical decision that is not illegal. Can a legal decision also be an unethical one? A business making their employees stay extra time and pick up trash from everyone else. Yes it can be legal, but still unethical.
Do you think the United States should trade with countries that have a poor human rights record? Why or why not? Yes, because if we trade with them we can form a better relationship with that country, it's not our business for what's going on in another country.
8. Why do you think businesses with written codes of ethics and ethics programs for their employees have fewer ethical problems than other companies? Because they already have a plan set for how they want their ethics to work.
9. One study showed that young, inexperienced managers are twice as likely to feel pressured to compromise ethical standards as their older counterparts. Why do you think that is true? Because the older managers have experience and know what to expect while the younger one's aren't prepared for what could happen.
Why do you think that some employees tell their managers about unethical behaviors of other workers? Do you think this is a good development? Because they don't want a coworker who is acting unethical to rub off on anyone else. Yes it's a good development because you don't want all of your employees acting up an unethical.
Imagine that your manager says she cannot give you a raise but will allow some personal items in your travel expense report. What impression does that give you of her professional ethics? That she is ethical but doesn't have to give you a raise if you want one, but she still helps you out,
Is ethical behavior always easy? Why or why not? What can a person do to make the best decision regarding an ethical dilemma? No it is not always easy being ethical because sometimes you want to make a decision or tell someone to do something unethical because you are upset with them.

FIT Unit 1 ABA terms

Term Definition
Stimulus A change in environment which can affect behavior.
Stimulus Class A group of stimuli that share specified common elements along formal, temporal, and/or functional dimensions.
Antecedent A stimulus which precedes, that is, occurs before a response.
Functional Relation Changes in an antecedent or consequent stimulus class consistently alter a dimension of a response class.
Response A specific instance of behavior.
Private Behavior Behavior that cannot be observed by others; it is only accessible to the organism who is engaging in the private event.
Consequence A stimulus which follows, that is, occurs after a response.
Temporal Locus A fundamental property (Quality) of behavior. A single response occurs in time.
Fundamental Properties Temporal Locus, Temporal Extent, and Repeatability are all part of this classification.
Function The effects or results of a response on the environment.
IRT (Inter Response Time) A dimensional quantity of behavior. The time between two successive responses.
Topography The configuration, form, or shape of a response.
Rate A dimensional quantity of behavior. The ratio of the number of responses over some period of time.
Behavior The interaction of the muscles, glands, or other parts of a live organism with the environment.
Duration A dimensional quantity of behavior. The amount of time between the beginning and the end of the response cycle.
Behavior Analysis A natural science that studies functional relations between behavior and environmental events.
Latency A dimensional quantity of behavior. The amount of time between a stimulus and a response.
Response Cycle The beginning, middle, and end of a response.
Environmental Context The situation (set of circumstances) in which behavior occurs at any given time.
Dimensional Quantities A quantifiable aspect of a property (latency, duration, countability, IRT, rate, celeration).
Environment The total constellation of stimuli and conditions which can affect behavior.
Countability A dimensional quantity of behavior. The number of responses or number of cycles of the response class.
Functional Response Class A collection of two or more topographically different responses that all have the same effect on the environment, usually producing a specific class of reinforcers.
Celeration A dimensional quantity of behavior. Change in one of the other dimensional quantities of behavior over time.
Topographical Response Class A collection of two or more responses which share a common form.
Public Behavior Behavior that can be observed by others, even though special instrumentation may be required at times.
Repeatability A fundamental property (quality) of behavior. A response can reoccur.
Response Class A grouping of individual actions or responses that share those commonalities included in the class definition.
Property A fundamental quality of a natural phenomenon.
Temporal Extent A fundamental property (quality) of behavior. A response occupies time.

FIT Unit 2 ABA Terms

Term Definition
Science A systematic approach
for seeking and organizing
knowledge about the natural world.
Goals of science Prediction and control
Natural Science Empirical phenomena; Direct
observation & measurement of
phenomena or its permanent
Types of natural science Physics, chemistry, biology,
behavior analysis
Social Science Hypothetical constructs outside of
the natural realm; Indirect
observation & measurement
Types of social science Psychology, sociology, political
Philosophical assumptions Determinism, empiricism,
parsimony, philosophical doubt
,pragmatism, experimentation
Determinism The universe is a lawful and orderly
Empiricism Objective
observation with thorough
description and quantification of the
phenomena of interest, behavior
Experimentation Systematic manipulation of an
independent variable
Replication Repeating any part of an
Parsimony Requires that all simple,
explanations for the phenomena of
interest be ruled out experimentally
before more complex or abstract
explanations are considered.
Philosophical Doubt Continually question the
truthfulness of what is regarded as
Pragmatism Assesses the truth of theories or
beliefs in terms of the success of
their practical application.
Behaviorism The philosophy or world view
underlying behavior analysis.
Posits that behavior is the subject
matter of our science.
Radical Behaviorism B.F. Skinner’s philosophy of the
science of human behavior.
Most influential type of behaviorism for
guiding the science and practice of behavior analysis.
Determinants of behavior Causes of behavior; probabilistic
Selection The process in which repeated
cycles occur of variation, interaction with the environment,and differential replication as a function of the interaction.
Natural Selection The environment selects which
variations survive and are passed
Cultural Selection Cultural practices evolve as they
contribute to the success of the
practicing group.
Temporal Contiguity The nearness of events in time.
Contingency A dependency between events.
Types of Contingencies S-S contingencies (pairing)
R-S contingencies
S-R-S contingencies (or the 3-term contingency)
Basic Operations Direct observation
Repeated measures
Graph data
Systematic evaluation
Analysis and interpretation
Consequential Operation (+) Contingently present a stimulus
immediately after the response.
Consequential Operation (-) Contingently remove a stimulus
immediately after the response.
Learning A
relatively permanent change in
behavior as a result of

Stupid Freaking Egyp

Question Answer
Two major things about Djoser First pharaoh to be considered a god, also discovered stone
3 Facts about Menes First pharaoh, united upper and lower Egypt, and built a 49ft dam
Which pharaoh built the pyramid of giza? Kufu
Progression of Pyramids order Mastabas
What caused the old kingdom to fall Famine drought and chaos
Which pharaoh in the Middle Kingdom wanted to secure borders and take gold from Nubia? Sesotryss the 3rd
What caused the Middle Kingdom to fall? Hyksos conquered Middle Kingdom
Who is thutmoses wife and why was she important? Hapshepsut, she was the first female that was viewed as a pharaoh
What is cultural diffusion? When one culture copies another
Which kingdom is considered the golden age in Egypt? Middle Kingdom
What are the three theories of how It was built Ramp
Combination of the two
What is the current day country of Nubia Sudan
What is the purpose of the book of the dead to help them with their journey through the underworld
What is the Rosetta Stone A stone that they found in Egypt. It had green and hieroglyphics. Before the stone we could not read hieroglyphics.
What was the scale weighing in the Underworld With the maat feather
Who tried to erase hatshepsuts memory and why Hetmose the third, her stepson. Hatshepsut took the throne because he was only 10.
What caused the new kingdom to fall Weak leadership
Economic depression
Who led you through the Underworld Anobis
What did they do to the organs Put them in jars called cahopic
After they do everything in the Underworld who do they want to see Osiris

Stack #2646638

Question Answer
Invasive Plant aplant that has an ability to thrive and spread aggressively outside its natural range
Adaptation a characteristic that improves an indiviuals ability to survive and reproduce in a particular enviroment
Innate behaviors is a behavior Inherited through genes and does not depend on the enviroment or experiance
Learned behavior a behavior that has been learned from experiance or from observing other animals
Survival Behaviors behaviors – an animal must do the following things to survive ( find food, marking terreatory ,Defensive action, courtship , attract mates, and parenting)
Seasonal Behaviors Migration / Hebernation/ Estevation / Biological clock
Natural selection is the process by whitch indivuals that are better adapted to their enviroment survie and reproduce more succsefully
Over production More offspring are born than will live to become adults
Genetic Variation WIthin population. Some of the different Charectoristics improve the chances that the indiviual will survive and reproduce
Struggle to survive AN enviroment might not have enough food or water for every indiviual only some indiviuals survive and reproduce
Insectiicide resistants Is also a form of natural selection .Insects that are resistant to a certin pesticide will survive and pass their resistant traits to their offspring
Exotic Species Is a plant or animal that makes a home for itself in a new place outside its native home
Biodiversoty is important for……………………………… The stability of the ecosystem
Geoloigc coloum is a section of rock layers (fossils are preserved in sedimentary rock )
Speciation is the formation of new species as a result os change over time
Selective Breeding Is the practice of breeding animals of plants that have certin desierd traits
Biodiversity The number and variety of orgainisms in a given area. The most diverse biomes or habitats on earht are Tropical Rainforests
Changes over time Ocuur through tha passing to traits from parents to their offspring
Generartion time The time requiered for a generation of indivuals to be born, reach maturity and reproduce
BIOME isa major region charecterized by the dominat forms of plant life and climate.


Question Answer
leadership influence/ inspire life of others
management direct and are consered with logistic
supervision oversea and inspect quality of work
christine sinclair up lifting always positive she cares about others
trait great leaders were born not made
personality true colours represent personality types
behavior people based/ task based
comprehensive whos the leaders, whats the make up, whats the situation
Autocratic one person goal
democratic everyone has a say
laissez laid back leader of the group
communication have to make sure everyone gets a message
has to keep everyone up to date
gold organized/dependable
green curious/problem solver
orange active/ fun loving
blue warm/ strive for harmony
task orentated getting the task done
relationship focus on peoples feelings
barriers to good communication language
info overload
directions upward lower to higher
downward higher to lower
lateral among members
inter personal conflict between 2 or more indivduals
intra personal making a tough decison on your own
intra group entire group is in a conflict
stress group conflict
emotions run high people get upset
poor communication
one way not a lot of feed back
two way feed back from both ends


Term Definition
keen (adj) sharp or penetrating , acute
lurch (v) an abrupt unsteady uncontrolled movement , stagger
moderate (adj) average in amount , modest
murky (adj) dark and dirty/not clean , muddy
remnant (n) a small remaining quantity of something , remains
rigid (adj) unable to bent or forced out of shape , firm
transmission (n) a program or signal that is broadcast or sent out
tremble (v) to shake involuntarily , shake
turbulence (n) violent or unsteady movement , uproar
momentarily (adv) for a very short time , briefly
abate (v) to become less intense , reduce
altitude (n) the height of an object or point above sea level , elevation
audible (adj) able to be heard , hearable
desperation (n) the state of despair , hopelessness
depress (v) to press down , push
gratitude (n) the quality of being thankful , thanks
grimace (n) an ugly twisted expression on a person's face . scowl
horde (n) a large group of people , crowd
interval (adj) a pause or break in activity , delay
jolt (v) push or shake abruptly and roughly , bump